Below are links to websites that I believe students and scholars of the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East will find especially interesting.  (This list is still barely begun.  Please contact me if you have a site to recommend!)

Ancient Texts

The Society of Biblical Literature offers online Textual Resources from the German Bible Society for SBL members (login required), including online and downloadable versions of Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia, the Septuagint, the Vulgate, and the UBS Greek New Testament.  Click to download a .pdf brochure, Textual Research on the Bible: An Introduction to the Scholarly Editions of the German Bible Society, which explains the history of BHK, BHS, and BHQ.  It also discusses the differences between the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (NA-28) and the UBS Greek NT.

Mechon-Mamre presents an online version of the Hebrew Bible IN HEBREW, accompanied by the 1917 Jewish Publication Society translation.

A great many ancient Near Eastern resources are catalogued by the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, operated by UCLA and the University of Oxford.  Visit for transcriptions, translations, photos, and articles concerning many major Mesopotamian documents.  UPenn continues to publish online its Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP).

The Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Rituals online (CMAwRo) is now available. At the moment, it comprises the texts edited in T. Abusch and D. Schwemer, Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Rituals, vol. 1 (Ancient Magic and Divination 8/1), Leiden – Boston: Brill, 2011.  The online presentation includes fully lemmatised transliterations and is accompanied by online glossaries. Future volumes of CMAwR will be integrated into CMAwRo after their print publication.

Electronic Resources

Bible Odyssey is a new website, created by the Society of Biblical Literature with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, that explores the fascinating origins of the Bible and its eventful history. On Bible Odyssey, the world’s leading scholars share the latest historical and literary research on key people, places, and passages of the Bible.  One of the coolest features is the “Ask a Scholar” section, where you can pose any question about the Bible or the ancient Near East and receive a reliable answer from a qualified scholar.

Professor Emanuel Tov of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem presents Electronic Tools for Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible.

For fonts and keyboards to type in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and transliteration, check out the Society of Biblical Literature’s collection of biblical fonts.

I heartily recommend purchasing Accordance Bible’s software and tools for computer-aided study of biblical texts.

Online Catalogs

Dr. Gregorio del Olmo Lete, emeritus professor at Barcelona University, provides an incredible online Bibliography of Semitic Linguistics (1940-2010).  He collects and arranges systematically those studies “mainly related to subjects of Semitic linguistics, namely, those [centered] on the study of languages and their phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic constituents, from both the comparative perspective (close and distant relationship) and the immanent perspective (grammar and lexicon).”

The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project is “a text base of the Aramaic texts in all dialects from the earliest (9th Century BCE) through the 13th Century CE, currently with a database of approximately 2.5 million lexically parsed words, and an associated set of electronic tools for analyzing and manipulating the data, whose ultimate goal is the creation of a complete lexicon of the language.”

The Semitic Roots Repository lists all known Semitic roots in more languages than you can imagine.  (I had never heard of some of these, and I have a PhD in this!)  Make sure to download the necessary fonts.

A searchable version of Marcus Jastrow’s A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Bavli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrasnhic Literature is available here.

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